Access to websites is available to one and all, from almost any part of the world. But the way people use the web varies. At the same time, some websites are difficult to access. Some of the issues are caused by the website’s design itself, although some problems are technical.
The web is an excellent and most often-used source of information today since it is possible to access it anywhere the user is. You do not need to locate a book at the library to find information, although there is still a need to verify the information. Today, accessing the web offers another form of efficient assistive technology for students of all ages. But web accessibility is still an issue.
Common Accessibility Problems to Avoid
The web has billions of websites, and equally, billions of homepages have problems with low color contrast, particularly between the page and the text on it. According to the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 2.0, the narrative should be visible to all users, including people who are color blind or have low vision.
No Alt Text on Images
Alt text on images is helpful for people who are visually impaired. Alt text gives a description of the image or photograph on a web page. When the viewer uses a screen reader, the tool will describe the image or photo within the alt attribute.
Missing and Unclear Text Links
Text links allow you to navigate the internet or the different pages of a website. However, if the website is not adequately updated, some of the text links may not work. They cannot be selected or clicked, and it will not lead to a specific page. In other instances, the text link is not active. You may see words like “learn more” or “click here” without bringing you to the desired page.
A Variety of Navigation Links
While text links are essential in exploring web pages, too many navigation links can defeat the purpose. Screen readers and other assistive devices have to read the link before the user can access a page. If there are too many links, it will hinder accessibility.
Empty Form Labels and Unclear Controls
For the visually impaired, filling online forms can be a hassle, especially if the form labels are empty or unclear. Screen readers tell the users what to do with each form field. If it is blank or the instruction is unclear, the user cannot complete the form.
Website designers and developers must ensure that form controls are straightforward and that they work. Some features may not work with assistive technologies, such as the date selection tool or location tool.
Uncontrollable Time Outs
Some forms and web pages are allowed a few minutes of exposure before the session ends, logging a user out of the site. Also, this often applies to purchasing forms and bank transaction pages. Since it is difficult for a visually impaired person to process forms, the user should receive a warning if the session is about to expire or a means to extend or continue the session.
These are the common mistakes that hinder accessibility. You can avoid these errors with web accessibility testing, too. You ensure that people with disabilities can access and use web content without problems by fixing these errors.